What search engines want
Search Engines like Google, Yahoo and Bing look for certain things. These are measurable things that they equate with a good user experience and, although there are hundreds of things that are measure and these are constantly changing and being upgraded, they can be divided into four broad categories: How well your site is built, how accessible it is for disabled users, how satisfying it is to use and how well marketed it is.
How well the site is built
The size of the files the site is made up of makes a big difference- the smaller the files are (pictures, the website code itself, etc.) the faster your site will display. This isn’t a massive issue for home use as most people have broadband (although there are some areas that still only receive dial-up connections), but when they’re out and about on their mobile phones, the reception can be patchy at best and they might not hang around while that 100kb image downloads to their smartphone.
Things like proper use of headers, effective meta data descriptions and unique, keyword-rich page titles all help to give you a leg up in the search engine rankings.
How accessible the site is
Disabled people use the internet, just as they use restaurants, museums and other publicly available amenities; inclusivity is a necessity. Even those who have sight impairments have a technology called screen readers to help them ‘see’ a web page.
Making your website accessible by the disabled has been a legal requirement for more than a decade and the Equality Act 2010 has reinforced that requirement.
Semantic markup is essential. This means that the language which a webpage is written in, HTML, is meaningful and appropriate to its use, for example (and this is the big one!) tables are used for tables of data, rather than to lay a page out. This means that those being read the page by their screen reader will not be able to tell what’s what.
Images must always have alternative text so screen reader users are always offered a description of what the image they don’t see represents.
How satisfying the site is for users
Visual interest is partly measured by unique images and your site should have some on every page. User satisfaction is also tied in with fresh content- the more the content in your site changes each time it’s looked at by a search engine the better. Have a look at my article on blogs for ideas on how to integrate fresh content into your site.
Easy navigation is also essential. It should be as shallow as possible so that your visitors don’t get lost in the deep dark depths of your site, and getting back to the home page should be 1 click of a mouse or tap of the screen.
How well the site has been marketed
Keywords are the way people search- they type in the words that are relevant to what they’re looking for and the search engine returns the results. Without keywords in and around your site Google and its contemporaries won’t have anything to associate your site with what people search for. Keywords should be thoroughly researched and used throughout the site- luckily I’ve written an article covering Keywords!
How high your site appears for the keywords searched depends on site build, accessibility and satisfaction but another big factor is how popular (and therefore how useful) your site appears to the search engines. This is measured in a number of ways, but one of the main methods Google et al use is the number of sites linking into yours. There are lots of ways to do this, but the best way is simply to write great content and people will naturally pick up on it and tell their friends. You can also promote your articles using your presence on Facebook, Twitter and other social media so that your friends and followers get the opportunity to read it and share it with their friends.
Age has something to do with the rankings too- the longer it’s been in existence, the more authoritative it appears to search engines.
It’s an ongoing job!
Bear in mind that the examples within these categories are far from a exhaustive and represent just a few boxes for you to check in the ongoing quest for that elusive number 1 slot in Google! I should also mention that a well built, interesting website is just the start- optimising your site for search engines is a big undertaking and is something that has to be constantly reviewed and adjusted as changes are made by the search engines.